IN 2001 THE LATVIAN ARTISTS' UNION MUSEUM (LAU MUSEUM) WAS FOUNDED ON THE BASIS OF THE UNION'S COLLECTION OF ARTWORKS. THE COLLECTION COVERS THE PERIOD FROM 1945 TO 1991 IN LATVIA. HISTORICALLY, THE ACQUISITIONS STRATEGY WAS DETERMINED THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE OF THE USSR BY THE UNIFIED IDEOLOGICAL OBJECTIVE WORKED OUT AND DICTATED BY THE ARTIST'S UNIONS AND THEIR ECONOMIC MODEL FOR FINANCING PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES. THE ARTISTS' UNION (AU) OF THE Latvian SSR WAS FOUNDED IN 1941 AFTER A RESOLUTION OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE BUREAU OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE Latvian SSR. IN 1944 THE Latvian SSR ART FUND (AF) WAS ESTABLISHED, WHICH WAS MODELLED DIRECTLY ON THE ART FUND OF THE USSR AND WAS A PART OF IT. THE PRACTICAL TASKS OF THE AF WERE TO ENSURE ARTISTS RECEIVED COMMISSIONS, TO PAY FOR TRIPS OF A CREATIVE NATURE, TO BUILD AND FURNISH STUDIOS. AF FACTORIES PRODUCED THE MATERIAL BASE TO PROMOTE THESE FUNCTIONS. THE DECLARED PRIMARY TASK OF THE AF WAS "TO BRING ART TO THE PEOPLE". THAT IS WHY IN 1957 AN EXHIBITION FUND WAS ESTABLISHED THAT FORMED THE AU COLLECTION. FOR OVER 30 YEARS THE COUNCILS OF THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF ART APPROVED BY THE CONGRESSES OF THE AU BOUGHT ARTWORKS FROM EXHIBITIONS AND STUDIOS. IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE "IDEOLOGICAL CORE" OF THE EXHIBITIONS, WORKS WERE ALSO COMMISSIONED FROM ARTISTS. THE COLLECTION WAS FORMED BOTH FROM COMMISSIONED WORKS STIMULATED BY THE SOVIET REGIME BUT ALSO FROM WORKS THAT WERE BOUGHT PRECISELY BECAUSE OF THEIR QUALITY. DURING THE EARLY PERIOD OF THE COLLECTION'S FORMATION, SOME WORKS WERE GIVEN FREE OF CHARGE TO SCHOOLS, KINDERGARTENS AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS. INDIVIDUAL WORKS CAME INTO THE POSSESSION OF STATE COLLECTIONS. AT THE SAME TIME A "GOLD FUND" WAS FOUNDED, WHICH WAS THE BASIS FOR WORKS SELECTED FOR TRAVELLING EXHIBITIONS REPRESENTATIVE OF "THE SOVIET WAY OF LIFE". WITH THE CHANGE OF POLITICAL ORDER IN 1991 THE AF CEASED TO EXIST ALONG WITH THE FINANCING OF ACQUISITIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF THE LAU COLLECTION. IN 2001 THE LAU MUSEUM BEGAN TO DEVELOP VARIOUS PROGRAMMES THAT WOULD ALLOW THE EXAMINATION, RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS OF THE ART OF LATVIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY. TODAY THE LAU MUSEUM HOLDS MORE THAN 15 000 ARTWORKS: 2702 PAINTINGS, 8430 GRAPHICS, POSTERS, WATERCOLOURS, PASTELS AND STAGE DESIGNS, 1435 WORKS OF DECORATIVE APPLIED ART AND SOME 1100 SCULPTURAL AND 1500 CERAMIC WORKS. SOME OF THE LAU COLLECTION HAS, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAW ON MUSEUMS, BEEN INCLUDED IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUMS' COLLECTION, WHICH IS A TESTIMONY TO THE NATIONAL IMPORTANCE OF THE COLLECTION.



 
LIST OF ARTISTS REPRESENTED IN THE LAU MUSEUM.